Precision 1Hz Clock (New)
This precision 1Hz clock uses just two ICs and one junction field-effect transistor (JFET) in conjunction with a commonly available crystal and a handful of other passive components.
Subwoofer for Cars (New)
This system needs to be attached to an existing car stereo amplifier to add extra ‘boom effect’ to the music. It has a dedicated loudspeaker with a power amplifier to boost low frequencies that are normally omnidirectional.
Intelligent Water Pump Controller with Water-level Display (New)
Most of the circuits for multi-level indication/control of water in tanks employ a bunch of wires running between the circuit and the overhead tank, which accounts for almost half the cost of the entire project. Here is an intelligent scanned water-level indicator-cum-pump controller circuit that utilises just four wires to the overhead tank to indicate nine different levels.
Infrared Proximity Detector (New)
This proximity detector using an infrared detector (Fig. 1) can be used in various equipment like automatic door openers and burglar alarms. The circuit primarily consists of an infrared transmitter and an infrared receiver.
Water-Level Indicator (New)
Here is a simple water-level indicator for overhead tanks that uses three LEDs (LED1, LED2, and LED3) to indicate minimum, middle, and maximum water levels in the tank.
Efficient LED Blinking for Embedded Systems
Smart hardware design can simplify the embedded software and make it more reliable. Designers use blinking LED signals to indicate different status and for inbuilt testability. Making an LED array blink requires an individual software loop for each LED or an individual timer and specific software to serve it. This can be an issue in a system that uses low-level MCUs which provide limited resources.
PWM-Based Speed Control for DC Motors
There are several methods for controlling the speed of DC motors. One simple method is to add series resistance using a rheostat. As considerable power is consumed in the rheostat, this method is not economical. Another method is to use a series switch that can be closed/opened rapidly. This type of control is termed as chopper control. We’ve described here a PWM-based chopper circuit that smoothly controls the speed of general-purpose DC motors.
LED Sand-Glass Timer
This circuit simulates the old sand-glass timer. A total of 32 LEDs create the effect of sand grains passing from the upper half of sand-glass to its lower half.
Garage Light and Security Control
Useful for vehicle owners, this gadget automatically turns on indoor/outdoor garage lights and raises an alert when an automobile enters the garage.
Presented here is a simple locker security alarm that can be used to protect a locker from unauthorised access. The circuit is low-cost and forms a fool-proof alarm that receives its control signal from a standard reed switch. The circuit works off a 12V DC power supply.
RJ45 Cable Tester
Described here is a simple RJ45 cable tester circuit which can be used for testing the RJ45 network cables. The circuit can check both straight-through and crossover-type RJ45 network cables. This is a low-cost tester designed using easily available components. Fig. 1 shows the difference between straight-through and crossover network cables.
We are all so busy with our daily lives that we forget to take our medicines on time, which can have several ill effects on our health. The circuit described here helps in making a simple reminder that allows you to set an alert for the medicines that you need to take. The device flashes an LED or rings a buzzer at the selected time intervals.
Automatic Room-lock and Lights circuit
This circuit counts and indicates up to nine persons present in the room and automatically locks the door and switches off lights as soon as they leave. It automatically switches on the lights when the first person enters the room. The circuit can be used as a power-saving device and a security device to prevent unauthorised entry in the room, especially in a business meeting room.
Humidity Indicator and Controller
Presented here is a simple humidity indicator and controller. In industries such as textile, the change in moisture content has a direct impact on the properties of fabric, such as tensile strength, elasticity, fibre diameter and friction. Therefore the process is executed within a permissible humidity environment only.
Human-Machine Interface through Electromyography
Electromyography (EMG) is a technique of recording muscular activities by measuring the potential difference across a muscle of interest. EMG signal acquisition is the latest trend as it paves way for a new method of human-machine interface (HMI). Here, the signals sent by brain are received as a potential difference across the muscle.
Temperature-Sensing Diodes Selector
Low-cost semiconductor diodes such as 1N914, 1N4148 and 1N400X can be used as temperature sensors in applications where high accuracy is not required. They can be mounted on transistors, power diodes, transformers, heat sinks, rechargeable batteries, crystals, PCB, etc to monitor their temperature.
Electric Shock Gun
This is a fantastic circuit for self-protection. In case a burglar intrudes your house, you can use this security circuit as a weapon for self-protection by giving a mild electric shock to the attacker.
Automatic Water Pump Motor Controller
Municipal corporations in many cities supply water during early morning hours. So, you have to wake up early, just to switch on your motor pump and wait till your water tank is filled up. Further, there is no control for overflow of the tank. Many times you come to know of your overflowing tank only when your neighbour informs you.
Anti-Theft Alarm for Vehicles
This simple and inexpensive anti-theft circuit for vehicles sounds an alarm simulating a police siren whenever someone attempts theft of your vehicle. The alarm sounds continuously for a few seconds even when the intruder switches off the ignition key. The circuit uses only a few components and can be easily assembled and installed on a car with negative grounding.